Thứ Hai, 28/09/2020 11:01

WP-02: The static costs of trade protection in Vietnam

10:02:58 21/01/2013

This study aims to evaluate the costs of trade protection in Vietnam and simulate the changes in consumption structure, labor market as well as changes in social welfare under the context of WTO membership. For these purposes, this research measures the costs of protection in 2003 for three highly-protected industries of Vietnam such as steel, automobile and motorcycle. By developing the Computable Partial Equilibrium Model (CPEM) and the elasticity approach, the costs of protection for these industries in 2003 were calculated of USD 1,093 million. The dead-weight loss was around USD 30 million, the domestic producer’s gain was USD 390 million and the Government’s gain in terms of tax revenue was USD 673.7 million. The paper also shows that trade liberalization, under different assumptions, would reduce employment in the steel, automobile and motorcycle industries by 5.3%, 6% and 3.5%, respectively.

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